Santa Cruz Island

Home to the largest town in the Galapagos, Puerto Ayora, the Island has a large variety of vegetation. Pit craters, Scalesia Forest, cacti and ferns are found in its vegetation zones. The island is comprised of a younger part formed by volcanic cones and lava and an older narrow strip of land formed by uplifted lava flows and tuffs.

Fast Facts: Santa Cruz is the only island with six different vegetation zones.; Animals: Giant Tortoises, land and marine iguanas, variety of birds; Area: 380 sq. mi; Highest Point: 2,834 ft